Oracle Howto

Oracle has long used a custom way to access and write LOB objects, and did not support standard LOB usage. However, this has changed with the version of the oracle jdbc driver.

For older drivers, Saravana Kannan is maintaining a patched version of Village that supports Oracle LOBs: Village 2.0 Patched for Oracle LOBs - For use with Torque 3.1 and later.

For the drivers and later, the standard village library can be used. However, village 2.0. has an issue concerning null values in lob columns, so empty lobs still can not be read.

The data type TIME only has day accuracy for Oracle. This is due to the underlying village library and the fact that oracle does not support a SQL type TIME. If you are using Oracle 9i and later, you can use the type TIMESTAMP instead which gives you millisecond accuracy.

Oracle does not distinguish between empty strings and null strings. If an empty string is inserted into a table, it will be treated as null. If you want to re-read this column by selecting records which contain an empty string, oracle will return no columns. The only way to select the column is to query for records which contain null in that column.

This behaviour is different in most other databases. So if you want to write code which works for other databases and oracle, you need to consider both cases - the column might be null and it might contain an empty string. For example:

Criteria.Criterion c1 = criteria.getNewCriterion(COLUMN, "", Criteria.EQUAL);
Criteria.Criterion c2 = criteria.getNewCriterion(COLUMN, (Object)null, Criteria.ISNULL);

Oracle versions

This version of Torque is optimized for Oracle 9i and later. The following issues exist for older versions of Oracle:

The data type TIMESTAMP is not supported up to and including Oracle 8.1.7. Either use the types DATE or TIME instead of TIMESTAMP or change the following line in the class org.apache.torque.engine.platform.PlatformOracleImpl in the generator source

setSchemaDomainMapping(new Domain(SchemaType.TIMESTAMP, "TIMESTAMP"));


setSchemaDomainMapping(new Domain(SchemaType.TIMESTAMP, "DATE"));

and rebuild the generator from source. However, both possibilities will give you only day accuracy for the data types DATE, TIME and TIMESTAMP

Introductory note for the following sections

The following part of this HOWTO was written some time ago and was targeted at Oracle 8i and the version of Torque that was coupled with the Turbine application framework. Contributions towards updating the information below can be submitted to the Torque Dev mailing list.

Oracle Howto for Turbine

This HOWTO aims to be a simple guide to make Turbine run with an existing Oracle 8i database. The process of making Turbine run is not covered in this guide, proceed to the Turbine site for help on how to install Turbine.

Creating the Database

If you do not have a database already set up, you will need to create one so we can create the necessary tables for Turbine. The steps below are simple steps to take to create a new database. If you already have a database ready for use, you can skip this part.

1. Open the Oracle Database Configuration assistant

2. Create a database with the Global Database Name 'turbine.project' and SID 'turbine'

  • Global Database Name : turbine.project
  • SID : turbine
  • SYSTEM account password : manager
  • SYS account password : change_on_install

3. Wait for the database to be created.

4. Good idea to stop the services from running if the Oracle database isn't being used as they are memory hungry for a development desktop machine. Check if the Oracle TNS Listener and the correct service are running when trying to connect.

Populating the Database from the .sql Scripts

5. Start SQL *PLUS and login to the database using the username and password for the database. You may want to use the same username and password you will use for Turbine, or you will need to create synonyms for the tables and grant the necessary privilieges (SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT, etc), so Turbine can access the tables directly without using "user"."table_name".

6. Run the Oracle specific scripts. For the cvs version of Turbine, these can be found in turbine/src/sql . In SQL*PLUS type :


7.The oracle-turbine.sql script creates an oracle sequence for each turbine table. To use these sequences for primary key generation, the oracle-turbine-security.sql script should be modified. For example, the following command from the script :


would be changed to something like :


When your changes, if any, are made to the script, run it from SQL*PLUS :


8.If you would rather use Turbine's id-broker to generate primary keys, run the following scripts to create and populate the id-broker table :



Setting up Turbine to Connect to Oracle

9. Download and install the Oracle 8i JDBC type 4 Thin driver for JDK 1.2.x from the Oracle website. Add the file to the classpath of the servlet engine. In JServ add to the file the line:


10. Ensure that the OracleoracleTNSListener service and the OracleServiceTURBINE service is running before using the driver.

11. Follow the Turbine installation document for Turbine with the following differences. To link up the Oracle database and driver to Turbine, edit the file;

  • Uncomment the lines:
    • database.default.driver=oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver


    and ensure no other database.default.driver or database.default.url is left uncommented.

  • Edit the database.default.url to the oracle thin driver format drivername:@servername:portnumber:SID
    • database.default.driver=oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver


    The servername is the Oracle server name and the port is the port that oracle uses. It is important not to confuse the Oracle servername and port with the Apache server name and port. Refer to the Oracle 8i documentation if there are any conflicts in this regard. Take care to use the correct SID for the database you have set up.

  • Edit the database.default.username and database.default.password to match the username and password of your database.
  • You may need to check if a Turbine database adaptor has been setup for Oracle. Look for the following lines in, and add them in case you do not find:



Connecting to the Oracle Database

12. Point your web browser at http://servername:port/servlets/Turbine (the URL may vary depending on your servlet engine) and login as username turbine, password turbine. After logging in you should see the congratulatory "Welcome To The Default Screen".