Execute command


EXECUTE { SQLString | PreparedStatementIdentifier }
[ USING { String | Identifier } ]


Has several uses:
  • To execute an SQL command entered as SQLString, using the Execute String style. The String is passed to the connection without further examination or processing by ij. Normally, you execute SQL commands directly, not with the Execute command.
  • To execute a named command identified by PreparedStatementIdentifier. This must be previously prepared with the ij Prepare command.
  • To execute either flavor of command when that command contains dynamic parameters, specify the values in the Using portion of the command. In this style, the SQLString or previously prepared PreparedStatementIdentifier is executed using the values supplied as String or Identifier. The Identifier in the USING clause must have a result set as its result. Each row of the result set is applied to the input parameters of the command to be executed, so the number of columns in the Using's result set must match the number of input parameters in the Execute's statement. The results of each execution of the Execute statement are displayed as they are made. If the Using's result set contains no rows, the Execute's statement is not executed.

    When auto-commit mode is on, the Using's result set is closed upon the first execution of the Execute statement. To ensure multiple-row execution of the Execute command, use the Autocommit command to turn auto-commit off.


ij> autocommit off;
ij> prepare menuInsert as 'INSERT INTO menu VALUES (?, ?, ?)';
ij> execute menuInsert using 'VALUES
    (''entree'', ''lamb chop'', 14),
    (''dessert'', ''creme brulee'', 6)';
1 row inserted/updated/deleted
1 row inserted/updated/deleted
ij> commit; 
Related concepts
ij commands
ij errors
Related reference
Absolute command
After Last command
Async command
Autocommit command
Before First command
Close command
Commit command
Connect command
Describe command
Disconnect command
Driver command
Elapsedtime command
Exit command
First command
Get Cursor command
Get Scroll Insensitive Cursor command
Help command
Last command
LocalizedDisplay command
MaximumDisplayWidth command
Next command
Prepare command
Previous command
Protocol command
Readonly command
Relative command
Remove command
Rollback command
Run command
Set Connection command
Show command
Wait For command
Syntax for comments in ij commands
Syntax for identifiers in ij commands
Syntax for strings in ij commands