Granting permissions to Derby

This section discusses which permissions should be granted to Derby (the code base derby.jar).

See Default Policy Implementation and Policy File Syntax at for more information about creating policy files.

Mandatory permissions

permission java.lang.RuntimePermission createClassLoader
Mandatory. It allows Derby to execute SQL queries and supports loading class files from jar files stored in the database.
permission java.util.PropertyPermission "derby.*", "read"
Allows Derby to read individual Derby properties set in the JVM's system set. If the action is denied, properties in the JVM's system set are ignored.
permission java.util.PropertyPermission "", "write"
This property is used by Derby to prevent the accidental boot of the database by two class loaders. If the database is booted by two class loaders, database corruption can occur. This permission requirement is new in Version 10.4. If write permission for this property is not granted, a message is printed to the log file which indicates that the Derby database is not protected from dual boot and possible corruption.

Database access permissions

permission "directory${/}/-", "read,write,delete"
Allows Derby to manage files within the database that maps to the directory specified. For read-only databases, only the "read" action needs to be granted.

Optional permissions

permission "${derby.system.home}", "read,write"
Allows Derby to determine the system directory when set by db2j.system.home and create it if needed. If the system directory already exists then only the "read" permission needs to be granted.
permission java.util.PropertyPermission "user.dir", "read"
Permits access to the system directory value if derby.system.home is not set or no permission has been granted to read the derby.system.home property.
permission "${derby.system.home}${/}", "read"
Allows Derby to read the system properties file from the system directory.
permission "${derby.system.home}${/}derby.log", "read,write,delete"
permission "${user.dir}${/}derby.log", "read,write,delete";
Only one of these permissions is needed. Permits the application to read, write, and delete to the Derby log file, unless the log has been re-directed. (See the properties in Tuning Derby for more information.) If one of the requested valid actions is denied, the Derby log will be java.lang.System.err.
permission "getPolicy"
You need this permission if you want to change the security policy on the fly and reload it into a running system. Given this permission, a DBA can reload the policy file by calling the SYSCS_UTIL.SYSCS_RELOAD_SECURITY_POLICY system procedure. For more information, see the section which describes this procedure in Derby Reference Manual.
permission "createMBeanServer";
Allows Derby to create an MBean server. If the JVM running Derby supports the platform MBean server, Derby will automatically try to create such a server if it does not already exist. For details, visit the wiki page
permission "org.apache.derby.*#[org.apache.derby:*]","registerMBean,unregisterMBean";
Allows Derby to register and unregister its (JMX) MBeans. Such MBeans are associated with the domain "org.apache.derby", which is also the prefix of the fully qualified class name of all Derby MBeans. For more information about Derby's MBeans, refer to the public API (Javadoc) of the package org.apache.derby.mbeans and its subpackages. It is possible to fine tune this permission, for example in order to allow access only to certain MBeans. To fine tune this permission, see the javadoc of or the JMX Instrumentation and Agent Specification.
permission "register";
Trusts Derby code to be the source of MBeans and to register these in the MBean server.

Combining permissions

You might grant one FilePermission that encompasses several or all of the permissions instead of separately granting a number of the more specific permissions. For example:
permission "${derby.system.home}/-", "read,write,delete";
This allows the Derby engine complete access to the system directory and any databases contained in the system directory.
Related concepts
Examples of Java 2 security policy files for embedded Derby