SQL statements can involve arithmetic expressions that use decimal
data types of different *precision*s (the total number of digits, both
to the left and to the right of the decimal point) and *scale*s (the
number of digits of the fractional component). The precision and scale of
the resulting decimal type depend on the precision and scale of the operands.

Given an arithmetic expression that involves two decimal operands:

*lp*stands for the precision of the left operand*rp*stands for the precision of the right operand*ls*stands for the scale of the left operand*rs*stands for the scale of the right operand

Use the following formulas to determine the scale of the resulting
data type for the following kinds of arithmetical expressions:

*multiplication*ls + rs

*division*31 - lp + ls - rs

*AVG()*max(max(ls, rs), 4)

*all others*max(ls, rs)

For example, the scale of the resulting data type of the following
expression is 27:

11.0/1111.33// 31 - 3 + 1 - 2 = 27

Use the following formulas to determine the precision of the resulting
data type for the following kinds of arithmetical expressions:

*multiplication*lp + rp

*addition*2 * (p - s) + s

*division*lp - ls + rp + max(ls + rp - rs + 1, 4)

*all others*max(lp - ls, rp - rs) + 1 + max(ls, rs)