Signed Jar Files
Signed Jar Files
In a Java 2 environment, Derby can detect digital signatures on jar files. When attempting to load a class from a signed jar file stored in the database, Derby will verify the validity of the signature.
- The Derby class loader only validates the integrity of the signed jar file and that the certificate has not expired. Derby cannot ascertain whether the validity/identity of declared signer is correct. To validate identity, use a Security Manager (i.e., an implementation of java.lang.SecurityManager).
When loading classes from an application jar file in a Java 2 environment, Derby behaves as follows:
If the class is signed, Derby will:
- verify that the jar was signed using a X.509 certificate (i.e., can be represented by the class java.security.cert.X509Certificate). If not, throw an exception.
- verify that the digital signature matches the contents of the file. If not, throw an exception.
- check that the set of signing certificates are all valid for the current date and time. If any certificate has expired or is not yet valid, throw an exception.
- pass the array of certificates to the setSigners() method of java.lang.ClassLoader. This allows security managers to obtain the list of signers for a class (using java.lang.Class.getSigners) and then validate the identity of the signers using the services of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI).
- Derby does not provide a security manager.
For more information about signed jar files, see the Java 2 specifications at http://java.sun.com.
For more information about Java 2 security, go to http://java.sun.com/security/.
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